What Should Be Done First After A Needlestick Or Sharps Injury?

What percentage of needlestick injuries are preventable?

A majority (64%) of all hollow-bore needle-related injuries can be prevented by using needles only when necessary, using devices with engineered safety features, properly using the safety features on these devices, following proper work practices (such as not recapping used needles), and properly disposing of needles ….

How long do viruses live on needles?

HBV can survive for up to one week under optimal conditions, and has been detected in discarded needles (6,18). A case of HBV acquired from a discarded needle used by a known HBV carrier has been reported (4).

Can you get hepatitis from reusing your own needle?

Needles & Syringes. Sharing or reusing needles and syringes increases the chance of spreading the Hepatitis C virus. Syringes with detachable needles increase this risk even more because they can retain more blood after they are used than syringes with fixed-needles.

What should you do after a needle stick injury?

If you pierce or puncture your skin with a used needle, follow this first aid advice immediately:encourage the wound to bleed, ideally by holding it under running water.wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.do not scrub the wound while you’re washing it.do not suck the wound.More items…

What tests are done after a needlestick?

Laboratory studies in exposed individuals/health care worker include the following:Hepatitis B surface antibody.HIV testing at time of incident and again at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months.Hepatitis C antibody at time of incident and again at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

Are needlestick injuries OSHA recordable?

The Recordkeeping Standard 29 CFR 1904.8 also requires needlestick injuries to be recorded on the OSHA 300 Log. This includes all work related needlestick injuries and cuts from sharp objects that are contaminated with another person’s blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM).

What counts as a needlestick injury?

Needlestick injuries are wounds caused by needles that accidentally puncture the skin. Needlestick injuries are a hazard for people who work with hypodermic syringes and other needle equipment. These injuries can occur at any time when people use, disassemble, or dispose of needles.

How long after a needlestick should you get tested?

You should be tested for HCV antibody and liver enzyme levels (alanine amino- transferase or ALT) as soon as possible after the exposure (baseline) and at 4-6 months after the exposure. To check for infection earlier, you can be tested for the virus (HCV RNA) 4-6 weeks after the exposure.

Do needlestick injuries need to be reported?

You must record all work-related needlestick injuries and cuts from sharp objects that are contaminated with another person’s blood or other potentially infectious material (as defined by 29 CFR 1910.1030). You must enter the case on the OSHA 300 Log as an injury.

What is the most common cause of needlestick injury?

The results also showed syringe needle heads to be the most common physical cause of needlestick injuries, which is consistent with the results of studies conducted by Vahedi, Nazmieh, Joneidi Jafari and Derek R.

How can you reduce the risk of sharps injury?

Steps for remaining ‘sharps safe’ are summarised below.Avoid leaving sharps lying around;Avoid re-sheathing any used needles/razors;Do not bend/break needles before discarding them;Place contaminated sharps/razors in disposal containers approved to BS 7320:1990, immediately after use;More items…•

Does PEP work after 72 hours?

PEP must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV, but the sooner you start PEP, the better. Every hour counts. If you’re prescribed PEP, you’ll need to take it once or twice daily for 28 days. PEP is effective in preventing HIV when administered correctly, but not 100%.

What 4 things should you do following a sharps injury?

If you suffer an injury from a sharp which may be contaminated:Encourage the wound to gently bleed, ideally holding it under running water.Wash the wound using running water and plenty of soap.Don’t scrub the wound whilst you are washing it.Don’t suck the wound.More items…•

What are the risks of needle stick injury?

SummaryBlood-borne diseases that could be transmitted by a needlestick injury include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV).Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water, and go to your doctor or nearest emergency department as soon as possible.More items…•

What is the biggest cause of sharps injuries?

Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are the most common cause of sharps injuries and pose a serious risk to healthcare workers (HCWs).

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.