What Body Fluid Is Not Infectious?

What are the 5 types of precautions?

Infection control principles and practices for local public health agenciesContact Precautions.

Droplet Precautions.

Airborne Precautions.

Eye Protection..

Which body fluid is exempt from standard precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What types of fluids are included in blood and body fluid precautions?

Are blood and body fluid precautions always needed?Breast milk.Stool.Mucus from the nose or lungs.Sweat.Tears.Urine.Vomit.

What do you do if you are exposed to blood or body fluids?

After a needlestick or cut exposure, wash the area with soap and water. For a splash exposure to the nose, mouth, or skin, flush with water. If exposure occurs to the eyes, irrigate with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigant. Report the exposure right away to your supervisor or the person in charge.

What are examples of body fluids?

Biological fluids include blood, urine, semen (seminal fluid), vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid (pleural lavage), pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, nasal fluid, otic fluid, gastric fluid, breast milk, as well as cell culture supernatants.

What four conditions must be present for disease transmission to occur?

2.1 Introduction to the transmission cycle of disease To be able to persist or live on, pathogens must be able to leave an infected host, survive transmission in the environment, enter a susceptible person or animal, and develop and/or multiply in the newly infected host.

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

They include:hand hygiene and cough etiquette.the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)the safe use and disposal of sharps.routine environmental cleaning.incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].

What is not considered an infectious body fluid under universal precautions?

Body Fluids to Which Universal Precautions Do Not Apply Universal precautions do not apply to feces, nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus unless they contain visible blood. The risk of transmission of HIV and HBV from these fluids and materials is extremely low or nonexistent.

Is sweat an infectious body fluid?

If you have contact with a person’s blood or body fluids you could be at risk of HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, or other blood borne illnesses. Body fluids, such as sweat, tears, vomit or urine may contain and pass on these viruses when blood is present in the fluid, but the risk is low.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are 5 body fluids?

Potentially infectious blood and body fluids includefluids containing visible blood.semen.vaginal secretions.cerebrospinal fluid.synovial fluid, pleural fluid.peritoneal fluid.pericardial fluid.amniotic fluid.More items…•

What are the 4 major body fluids?

A short list of bodily fluids includes:Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.

What are the 4 bodily fluids?

The four humors, or fluid substances, of the body were blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm.

What is the procedure for the management of a person exposed to blood and body fluids?

Managing exposure to blood or other body substancesremove contaminated clothing.if blood or body fluids get on the skin, irrespective of whether there are cuts or abrasions, wash well with soap and water.if the eyes are splashed, rinse the area gently but thoroughly with water while the eyes are open.More items…•

What is classed as bodily fluids?

Body fluids are liquids originating from inside the bodies of living humans. They include fluids that are excreted or secreted from the body. Human blood, body fluids, and other body tissues are widely recognised as vehicles for the transmission of human disease.

What are the three bodily fluids that can be considered infectious?

Bloodborne pathogens such as HBV and HIV can be transmitted through contact with infected human blood and other potentially infectious body fluids such as:semen.vaginal secretions.cerebrospinal fluid.synovial fluid.pleural fluid.peritoneal fluid.amniotic fluid.saliva (in dental procedures), and.More items…

What PPE is used for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.

Is pus a body fluid?

A white, yellow or brown viscous fluid that accumulates at sites of infection, pus usually consists of bacteria, white blood cells, and other proteins and cell debris. Pus under the skin is often found in a pimple, but deeper in the body a larger collection is known as an abscess.