What Are Critical Drugs?

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection.

Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle..

Is lisinopril a high risk medication?

Lisinopril oral tablet is used for long-term treatment. This drug comes with serious risks if you don’t take it as prescribed. If you don’t take it at all: If you don’t take it at all, your blood pressure will stay high. This will raise your risk for a heart attack and stroke.

What drug stops your heart for 6 seconds?

Because of the effects of adenosine on AV node-dependent SVTs, adenosine is considered a class V antiarrhythmic agent. When adenosine is used to cardiovert an abnormal rhythm, it is normal for the heart to enter ventricular asystole for a few seconds.

What are the five essential emergency drugs?

Other “emergency” drugs, considered as secondary (for use by doctors specifically trained in their administration [eg, ACLS]) include:Aromatic ammonia vaporoles (smelling salts)Analgesics (injectable), eg, morphine.Anticholinergics (injectable), eg, atropine.Anticonvulsants (injectable), eg, midazolam.More items…

What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

Atropine is used to help reduce saliva, mucus, or other secretions in your airway during a surgery. Atropine is also used to treat spasms in the stomach, intestines, bladder, or other organs. Atropine is sometimes used as an antidote to treat certain types of poisoning.

What is the name of emergency drugs?

Emergency drug dosesDrug (concentration) and IndicationDoseFentanyl (50 mcg/ml) Analgesia Sedation Anesthesia1 mcg/kgHydralazine (20 mg/ ml) Hypertension by vasodilation0.1-0.5 mg/kgLorazepam (2 mg/ml) Sedation Seizures0.05-01 mg/kgMorphine (1 mg/ml) Pain Sedation0.05-0.1 mg/kg11 more rows

Are you awake with propofol?

Propofol works quickly; most patients are unconscious within five minutes. “When the procedure is over and we stop the intravenous drip, it generally takes only 10 to 15 minutes before he or she is fairly wide awake again.”

What are the top 5 high alert medications?

The five high-alert medications are insulin, opiates and narcotics, injectable potassium chloride (or phosphate) concentrate, intravenous anticoagulants (heparin), and sodium chloride solutions above 0.9%.

What is a time critical medication?

Time-critical scheduled medications are those for which an early or late administration of greater than thirty minutes might cause harm or have significant, negative impact on the intended therapeutic or pharmacological effect.

What are 4 types of drugs?

What types of drugs are there?stimulants (e.g. cocaine)depressants (e.g. alcohol)opium-related painkillers (e.g. heroin)hallucinogens (e.g. LSD)

Does twice a day mean every 12 hours?

When medicines are to be given more than once daily, it is important that they are spaced out regularly. For example, a twice-daily dose should be roughly given every 12 hours or morning and night.

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

Is Quetiapine a high risk medication?

Studies have shown that older adults with dementia (a brain disorder that affects the ability to remember, think clearly, communicate, and perform daily activities and that may cause changes in mood and personality) who take antipsychotics (medications for mental illness) such as quetiapine have an increased risk of …

What are the 20 emergency drugs?

Adenosine.Amiodarone.Atropine.Dopamine.Epinephrine / Adrenaline.Naloxone.Magnesium sulfate.Sodium bicarbonate.

What are high risk medicines?

High risk medications are drugs that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error. High risk medicines include medicines: with a low therapeutic index. that present a high risk when administered by the wrong route or when other system errors occur.

When someone is sedated Can they hear you?

Nursing and other medical staff usually talk to sedated people and tell them what is happening as they may be able to hear even if they can’t respond. Some people had only vague memories whilst under sedation.

Why are patients sedated in ICU?

Sedative medications are commonly prescribed within the ICU environment primarily for the treatment of agitation and anxiety, which themselves may be caused by many different conditions (eg, dyspnea, delirium, mechanical ventilation, lack of sleep, and untreated pain).

What does Apinch stand for?

APINCH. A – Anti-infectives. P – Potassium and other electrolytes. I – Insulin. N – Narcotics and other sedatives.

Is it OK to take medicine an hour early?

It’s usually safe to take medicine 1-2 hours early or late, but don’t double up doses.

What drugs are used in ICU?

Cardiovascular DrugsAnticoagulant drugs. Warfarin. As an oral anticoagulant used worldwide, warfarin is used to prevent and treat thromboembolic disorders in the ICU. … Antiplatelet drugs. Clopidogrel. … Antiarrhythmic drugs. Metoprolol. … Vasoactive drugs. Vasopressin. … Statins. Simvastatin.

Why is propofol used in ICU?

Propofol is routinely administered as a continuous intravenous infusion for sedation of patients in the ICU. The unique lipophilic properties of propofol enable it to cross the blood–brain barrier quickly, resulting in a rapid onset of sedation.