- What causes narrowing of ureter?
- What is the functional unit of the kidney?
- What are the signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis?
- Which part of the brain is responsible for the highest level of thought?
- What are the two main function of kidney?
- What are the symptoms of urethral stricture?
- What means pertaining to the kidney?
- Which term describes a disorder characterized by the presence of stones in the kidney?
- What are the 7 functions of the kidney?
- Which condition is also known as uremic poisoning?
- What is the outermost layer of the kidney?
- What does ureter pain feel like?
- What is the medical term for ureteral narrowing?
- What are the two types of nephrons?
What causes narrowing of ureter?
A common type of ureteral stricture is ureteropelvic junction, or UPJ, obstruction.
A UPJ obstruction is often congenital, but sometimes it is a result of an injury incurred during surgery or due to surgical scarring.
It can also be caused by kidney stones, upper urinary tract inflammation, or a tumor..
What is the functional unit of the kidney?
Together, the renal cortex and renal pyramids constitute the functional portion or of the kidney. Within the parenchyma are about 1 million microscopic structures called , which are the functional units of the kidney. The number of nephrons is constant from birth, and injured or diseased nephrons cannot be replaced.
What are the signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis?
Common symptoms of glomerulonephritis are:Blood in the urine (dark, rust-colored, or brown urine)Foamy urine (due to excess protein in the urine)Swelling (edema) of the face, eyes, ankles, feet, legs, or abdomen.
Which part of the brain is responsible for the highest level of thought?
CerebrumCerebrum. Beneath the cerebral cortex is the cerebrum, which serves as the main thought and control center of the brain. It is the seat of higher-level thought like emotions and decision making (as opposed to lower-level thought like balance, movement, and reflexes).
What are the two main function of kidney?
Why Are the Kidneys So Important? Most people know that a major function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. These waste products and excess fluid are removed through the urine. The production of urine involves highly complex steps of excretion and re-absorption.
What are the symptoms of urethral stricture?
Signs and symptoms of urethral stricture include:Decreased urine stream.Incomplete bladder emptying.Spraying of the urine stream.Difficulty, straining or pain when urinating.Increased urge to urinate or more-frequent urination.Urinary tract infection.
What means pertaining to the kidney?
renal. pertaining to the kidney. cystourethrography. radiography of the bladder and the urethra.
Which term describes a disorder characterized by the presence of stones in the kidney?
Which term describes a disorder characterized by the presence of stones in the kidney? nephrolithiasis. Only $2.99/month. Which term describes an inflammation of the bladder?
What are the 7 functions of the kidney?
Their basic functions include:Regulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.Regulation of osmolarity. … Regulation of ion concentrations. … Regulation of pH. … Excretion of wastes and toxins. … Production of hormones.
Which condition is also known as uremic poisoning?
nephropathy. uremia. also known as uremic poisoning, is a toxic condition resulting from renal failure in which kidney function is compromised and urea is retained in the blood.
What is the outermost layer of the kidney?
The renal cortex produces erythropotein. The kidneys are made up by three external layers, which include the renal fascia (the outermost layer), the perirenal fat capsule, and lastly, the innermost layer, the renal capsule, which then surround the space of the renal cortex.
What does ureter pain feel like?
The most common symptom of a kidney or ureter stone is pain. You might feel pain in your lower abdomen or your flank, which is the area of your back just under your ribs. The pain can be mild and dull, or it can be excruciating.
What is the medical term for ureteral narrowing?
Narrowing of the ureter tube is called a ureteral stricture. Urine backs up into the kidney and causes side and back pain, sometimes kidney infections, kidney stones or kidney damage to function of the kidney.
What are the two types of nephrons?
Kidneys contain two types of nephrons, each located in different parts of the renal cortex: cortical nephrons and juxtamedullary nephrons.