Quick Answer: What Type Of Drug Is Atropine?

What drug class is atropine sulfate?

It belongs to a class of drugs known as anticholinergics.

Atropine works by widening (dilating) the pupil of the eye..

Is atropine a narcotic?

Although diphenoxylate is chemically related to narcotics, it does not have pain- relieving (analgesic) actions like most other narcotics. In higher doses, however, like other narcotics, diphenoxylate can cause euphoria (elevation of mood) and physical dependence.

Is atropine the same as epinephrine?

Unlike atropine, epinephrine stimulates the entire myocardium (atria, SA node, AV node, and ventricles). As such, epinephrine may be effective in a broader range of bradycardias compared to atropine: Atropine-responsive bradycardias due to excessive parasympathetic tone can generally still be overcome by epinephrine.

What is the indication of atropine?

Intravenous (IV) atropine indications include patients with hypersalivation, bronchial secretions, or bradycardia. Large doses and repeat doses may be required. Ingestions especially require higher doses (up to 20 mg).

What are the contraindications of atropine?

Who should not take Atropine SULFATE Syringe?overactive thyroid gland.myasthenia gravis.a skeletal muscle disorder.closed angle glaucoma.high blood pressure.coronary artery disease.chronic heart failure.chronic lung disease.More items…

Is atropine available over the counter?

Ophthalmic atropine, homatropine, and scopolamine are used to dilate (enlarge) the pupil of the eye. They are used before eye examinations, before and after eye surgery, and to treat certain eye conditions, such as uveitis or posterior synechiae. These medicines are available only with your doctor’s prescription.

What is the drug atropine used for?

Atropine is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of low heart rate (bradycardia), reduce salivation and bronchial secretions before surgery or as an antidote for overdose of cholinergic drugs or mushroom poisoning.

What is atropine in pharmacology?

Specific Drugs and Therapeutic Indications Atropine is a muscarinic receptor antagonist that is used to inhibit the effects of excessive vagal activation on the heart, which is manifested as sinus bradycardia and AV nodal block.

What is the generic name for atropine?

GENERIC NAME: ATROPINE SULFATE – OPHTHALMIC (AT-roe-peen SUL-fate)

What happens if you give too much atropine?

Excess doses of atropine sulfate may cause side effects such as palpitations, dilated pupils, difficulty swallowing, hot dry skin, thirst, dizziness, restlessness, tremor, fatigue, and problems with coordination.

Is hyoscyamine the same as atropine?

Are Levsin and Atropine the Same Thing? Levsin (hyoscyamine) and atropine are both types of anticholinergics used to treat different conditions. Levsin is used to treat different stomach and intestinal disorders, including peptic ulcer and irritable bowel syndrome.

How does atropine work?

In cardiac uses, it works as a nonselective muscarinic acetylcholinergic antagonist, increasing firing of the sinoatrial node (SA) and conduction through the atrioventricular node (AV) of the heart, opposes the actions of the vagus nerve, blocks acetylcholine receptor sites, and decreases bronchial secretions.

Does atropine raise blood pressure?

However, when given by itself, atropine does not exert a striking or uniform effect on blood vessels or blood pressure. Systemic doses slightly raise systolic and lower diastolic pressures and can produce significant postural hypotension.

Does atropine stop the heart?

In the heart, atropine blocks the inhibitory effect of ACh on heart rate and contractility, potentially also leading to tachyarrhythmias6.

Why is atropine given?

Atropine is used to help reduce saliva, mucus, or other secretions in your airway during a surgery. Atropine is also used to treat spasms in the stomach, intestines, bladder, or other organs. Atropine is sometimes used as an antidote to treat certain types of poisoning.