Quick Answer: What Are The Common Emergency Drugs?

What are some look alike drugs?

Valtrex (valACYclovir) and Valcyte (valGANciclovir).

The generic names for these 2 drugs are strikingly similar, and both the brand and generic names of the products start with the prefix “val,” contributing to look- and sound-alike confusion..

What are critical drugs?

Whilst all medicines should be administered in a timely manner, there are some that must not be omitted or their administration delayed as this has the potential to cause harm. These are referred to as ‘critical medicines’.

What drug is used in anesthesia?

While there are many drugs that can be used intravenously to produce anesthesia or sedation, the most common are:Barbiturates. Amobarbital (trade name: Amytal) Methohexital (trade name: Brevital) Thiamylal (trade name: Surital) … Benzodiazepines. Diazepam. Lorazepam. Midazolam.Etomidate.Ketamine.Propofol.

What are common heart medications?

Commonly prescribed include:Benazepril (Lotensin)Captopril (Capoten)Enalapril (Vasotec)Fosinopril (Monopril)Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)Moexipril (Univasc)Perindopril (Aceon)Quinapril (Accupril)More items…

What is a life saving drug?

It is commonly known as SI 449 of 2015 or the emergency medicines legislation. These regulations allow trained non-medical persons to administer six prescription-only medicines to a person, without a prescription, for the purpose of saving their life or reducing severe distress in an emergency situation.

What are ICU skills?

7 Essential ICU Nursing Skills Needed to SucceedTechnical ICU Nursing Skills. … Ability to Work on a Team. … Fantastic Organizational Skills. … Tenacity in the Face of Difficult Situations. … Ability to Evaluate Ever-Changing Situations. … Plan for Self-Care.

What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

Typically, atropine is the drug of choice for symptomatic bradycardia. An anticholinergic and potent belladonna alkaloid, it increases the heart rate, which improves hemodynamic stability. Epinephrine may be used as a secondary measure if atropine and temporary heart pacing don’t improve hemodynamic stability.

What are the emergency drugs in ICU?

Emergency drugs (PICU Chart)DrugDose (IV)Furosemide0.5–1 mg/Kg IVHydrocortisone2 mg/Kg IV bolusInsulin (regular)0.05–0.1 Units/Kg bolus IV or SQ 0.05–0.1 Units/Kg/hr infusionLidocaine 2%1 mg/Kg IV/IO*18 more rows

What is high risk drugs?

High risk medications are drugs that have a heightened risk of causing significant patient harm when they are used in error. High risk medicines include medicines: with a low therapeutic index. that present a high risk when administered by the wrong route or when other system errors occur.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin.

Do you rub im injections?

Rubbing or stroking the skin near the injection site prior to and during the injection process with moderate intensity may decrease pain in older children (4 years and older) and adults.

What are the cardiac emergency drugs?

Understanding the drugs used during cardiac arrest responseAdrenaline. This is the first drug given in all causes of cardiac arrest and should be readily available in all clinical areas. … Amiodarone. … Lidocaine. … Atropine. … Additional drugs. … Calcium chloride. … Magnesium sulphate. … Miscellaneous drugs.More items…•

How do you make a shot not hurt?

5 Tips for Surviving ShotsDistract yourself while you’re waiting. Bring along a game, book, music, or movie — something you’ll get completely caught up in so you’re not sitting in the waiting room thinking about the shot. … Concentrate on taking slow, deep breaths. … Focus intently on something in the room. … Cough. … Relax your arm.

What is the most common injection?

Most people are familiar with injections delivered into the muscle, intramuscular injections, but there are actually 3 other places that a needle be inserted to deliver medication. The most common site of intradermal injection is in the back or forearm. Vaccines are usually delivered via this route.

What are Apinch drugs?

These medicines include anti-infective agents, anti-psychotics, potassium, insulin, narcotics and sedative agents, chemotherapy and heparin and other anticoagulants. These medicines are represented by the acronym ‘A PINCH’. The poster below can be used to assist hospitals in raising awareness of A PINCH medicines.

What drugs are used in a code blue?

Amiodarone.Atropine.Epinephrine.

What are the top 5 high alert medications?

The five high-alert medications are insulin, opiates and narcotics, injectable potassium chloride (or phosphate) concentrate, intravenous anticoagulants (heparin), and sodium chloride solutions above 0.9%.

What are the 20 emergency drugs?

Adenosine.Amiodarone.Atropine.Dopamine.Epinephrine / Adrenaline.Naloxone.Magnesium sulfate.Sodium bicarbonate.

Which are emergency drugs?

• Give adrenaline 10 micrograms/kg (0.1 mL/kg of 1: 10 000 up to 1 mL)Ventricular tachyarrhythmias in special circumstances.b.Asystole or severe bradycardia.• Give adrenaline 1 mg IV bolus (1mL of 1:1 000 or 10mL of 1: 10 000 )• Give atropine 3 mg IV bolus.• Give adrenaline 5 mg IV bolus.More items…

What drugs are used in ICU?

Cardiovascular DrugsAnticoagulant drugs. Warfarin. As an oral anticoagulant used worldwide, warfarin is used to prevent and treat thromboembolic disorders in the ICU. … Antiplatelet drugs. Clopidogrel. … Antiarrhythmic drugs. Metoprolol. … Vasoactive drugs. Vasopressin. … Statins. Simvastatin.

What an ICU nurse needs to know?

What skills do ICU nurses need?Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS)Patient care.Critical care.Life support.Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)Trauma.Patient/family education and instruction.Telemetry.More items…•