Question: Which Part Of The Body Are Intramuscular Injections Most Commonly Given At?

Where are intramuscular injections given in the thigh and why?

Typically, people who need to self-administer injections use the vastus lateralis muscle in the thigh.

To locate the correct spot, imagine dividing the thigh vertically into three equal parts.

Give the injection into the outer top part of the middle section..

Where are intramuscular injections usually given?

Common sites for intramuscular injections include the deltoid muscle of the upper arm and the gluteal muscle of the buttock. In infants, the vastus lateralis muscle of the thigh is commonly used.

How far do you insert needle for intramuscular injection?

This allows the medication to be quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. Intramuscular shots are given at 90 degree angle. Needle for IM injections can be 22-23 Gauge, 1-1.5 inches in length, adjusted for thickness of site.

What are the 3 types of injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.

Do you massage intramuscular injections?

Generally, rubbing or massaging the injection site area should be avoided through the time the drug is expected to reach peak levels to avoid intended absorption patterns.

Which drugs are given intramuscularly?

Drugs may be given intramuscularly both for prophylactic as well as curative purposes, and the most common medications include[2]:Antibiotics- penicillin G benzathine penicillin, streptomycin.Biologicals- immunoglobins, vaccines, and toxoids.Hormonal agents- testosterone, medroxyprogesterone.

Why are drugs given intramuscularly?

The intramuscular route allows the rapid absorption of drugs into the circulation. Using the correct injection technique and selecting the correct site will minimise the risk of complications.

Why are intramuscular injections given in the gluteus medius?

The superolateral quadrant of the buttock is relatively free of nerves and vessels and is frequently used for intramuscular injections in order to avoid the sciatic nerve and other important structures.

How do you give an intramuscular injection without pain?

A subcutaneous (SC) or intramuscular (IM) injection is almost always painless if the skin is stretched firmly before inserting the needle. If injecting the arm, for example, the third, fourth and fifth fingers should go medial to the arm while the thumb and index finger stretch the skin on the lateral surface (Fig.

Do you pinch skin for IM injection?

Insert needle at an 45o angle to the skin. Pinch up on SQ tissue to prevent injecting into muscle.

What are the most commonly used intramuscular injection sites?

Intramuscular injections are often given in the following areas:Deltoid muscle of the arm. The deltoid muscle is the site most typically used for vaccines. … Vastus lateralis muscle of the thigh. … Ventrogluteal muscle of the hip. … Dorsogluteal muscles of the buttocks.

What happens if you accidentally inject air into muscle?

Injecting a small air bubble into the skin or a muscle is usually harmless. But it might mean you aren’t getting the full dose of medicine, because the air takes up space in the syringe.

What happens if you give an IM injection in the wrong place?

“A vaccine is an immunologically sensitive substance, and if you were to receive an injection too high – in the wrong place – you could get pain, swelling and reduced range of motion in that area,” says Tom Shimabukuro, deputy director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s immunization safety office.

How do I give myself an injection in the thigh?

Giving an IM injection into the Vastus lateralis siteTo find the thigh injection site, make an imaginary box on the upper leg. Find the groin. … Find the top of knee. … Stretch the skin to make it tight.Insert the needle at a right angle to the skin (90°) straight in.Up to 2ml of fluid may be given into this site.