Question: What Types Of Fluids Are Included In Blood And Body Fluid Precautions?

What PPE is used for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact.

the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.

the safe use and disposal of sharps..

What is the normal body fluid?

In lean healthy adult men, the total body water is about 60% (60–67%) of the total body weight; it is usually slightly lower in women. The exact percentage of fluid relative to body weight is inversely proportional to the percentage of body fat.

What are the key components of body fluids?

Key Points The extracellular fluid is mainly cations and anions. Plasma is mostly water and dissolved proteins, but also contains metabolic blood gasses, hormones, and glucose. The composition of transcellular fluid varies, but some of its main electrolytes include sodium ions, chloride ions, and bicarbonate ions.

What are three bodily fluids that can be considered infectious?

Potentially infectious blood and body fluids includefluids containing visible blood.semen.vaginal secretions.cerebrospinal fluid.synovial fluid, pleural fluid.peritoneal fluid.pericardial fluid.amniotic fluid.More items…•

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

Why is standard precautions important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What is the difference between universal and standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What diseases are spread through bodily fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…•

What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?

Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.

What kind of diseases can antibiotics cure?

Antibiotics are strong medicines that treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics won’t treat viral infections because they can’t kill viruses. You’ll get better when the viral infection has run its course. Common illnesses caused by bacteria are urinary tract infections, strep throat, and some pneumonia.

What are blood and body fluids?

Blood and body fluids, such as saliva, semen and vaginal fluid, can contain viruses that can be passed on to other people. If you have contact with a person’s blood or body fluids you could be at risk of HIV, hepatitis B or hepatitis C, or other blood borne illnesses.

What are the 4 major body fluids?

A short list of bodily fluids includes:Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?

Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids.

What are the basic infection control?

Infection control principles and practices for local health agenciesStandard Precautions.Hand Hygiene.Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Needlestick and Sharps Injury Prevention.Cleaning and Disinfection.Respiratory Hygiene (Cough Etiquette)Waste Disposal.Safe Injection Practices.

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

What is the procedure for the management of a person exposed to blood and body fluids?

Managing exposure to blood or other body substancesremove contaminated clothing.if blood or body fluids get on the skin, irrespective of whether there are cuts or abrasions, wash well with soap and water.if the eyes are splashed, rinse the area gently but thoroughly with water while the eyes are open.More items…•

What are blood fluids called?

Mature red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets lie in a nearly colourless, protein-rich liquid called plasma.

What are 3 universal precautions when dealing with body fluids?

Universal precautions do not apply to feces, nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus unless they contain visible blood. The risk of transmission of HIV and HBV from these fluids and materials is extremely low or nonexistent.

What is the role of fluid in the body?

The function of body fluid They deliver oxygen and nutrients to the cells, and take away waste materials, which are then eliminated with urination. When the body temperature rises, blood circulation to the skin increases, enabling heat dissipation though sweating, helping to keep the body at a constant temperature.

What is the fluid in the blood?

Extracellular fluid has two primary constituents: the fluid component of the blood (called plasma) and the interstitial fluid (IF) that surrounds all cells not in the blood (Figure 2). Figure 2. Fluid Compartments in the Human Body. The intracellular fluid (ICF) is the fluid within cells.