Question: What Is Atropine The Antidote For?

How do you treat atropine overdose?

Specific treatmentGive physostigmine salicylate, 0.5–1 mg intravenously slowly over 5 minutes, with ECG monitoring.Repeat as needed to total dose of no more than 2 mg..

What type of drug would be an antidote to atropine poisoning?

The antidote for atropine or scopolamine poisoning is pilocarpine.

What are the side effects of atropine?

Common side effects of atropine sulfate include:dry mouth,blurred vision,sensitivity to light,lack of sweating,dizziness,nausea,loss of balance,hypersensitivity reactions (such as skin rash), and.More items…

Can atropine cause heart attack?

Cardiovascular adverse reactions reported in the literature for atropine include, but are not limited to, sinus tachycardia, palpitations, premature ventricular contractions, atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation, ventricular flutter, ventricular fibrillation, cardiac syncope, asystole, and myocardial infarction [see …

Why Physostigmine is used in atropine poisoning?

Because it enhances the transmission of acetylcholine signals in the brain and can cross the blood–brain barrier, physostigmine salicylate is used to treat anticholinergic poisoning caused by overdoses of atropine, scopolamine and other anticholinergic drugs. It is also used to reverse neuromuscular blocking drugs.

What is atropine used for?

Atropine is used to help reduce saliva, mucus, or other secretions in your airway during a surgery. Atropine is also used to treat spasms in the stomach, intestines, bladder, or other organs. Atropine is sometimes used as an antidote to treat certain types of poisoning.

What is atropine sulfate The antidote for?

Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP, is indicated for temporary blockade of severe or life threatening muscarinic effects, e.g., as an antisialagogue, an antivagal agent, an antidote for organophosphorus or muscarinic mushroom poisoning, and to treat bradyasystolic cardiac arrest.

What conditions will atropine not increase heart rate?

Atropine has little effect on systemic vascular resistance, myocardial perfusion pressure, or contractility. Atropine is indicated for the treatment of bradycardia associated with hypotension, second- and third-degree heart block, and slow idioventricular rhythms. Atropine is no longer recommended for asystole or PEA.

Is atropine a poison?

Because of the hallucinogenic properties, some have used the drug recreationally, though this is potentially dangerous and often unpleasant. In overdoses, atropine is poisonous.

Does atropine slow heart rate?

Abstract. The use of atropine in cardiovascular disorders is mainly in the management of patients with bradycardia. Atropine increases the heart rate and improves the atrioventricular conduction by blocking the parasympathetic influences on the heart.

What is atropine used for in emergency situations?

Atropine is used to help reduce saliva, mucus, or other secretions in your airway during a surgery. Atropine is also used to treat spasms in the stomach, intestines, bladder, or other organs. Atropine is sometimes used as an antidote to treat certain types of poisoning.

When would atropine be given?

Atropine is the first-line therapy (Class IIa) for symptomatic bradycardia in the absence of reversible causes. Treatments for bradydysrhythmias are indicated when there is a structural disease of the infra-nodal system or if the heart rate is less than 50 beats/min with unstable vital signs.

Why is atropine poisonous?

Ingestion of as little as a few drops of atropine in eye drop formulation can cause anticholinergic, or more specifically antimuscarinic, toxicity. The antimuscarinic toxidrome results from blockade of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine at central and peripheral muscarinic receptors.

How long does atropine take to wear off?

The blurred vision, caused by the atropine, will last for approximately seven days after the last instillation. The dilated pupil may remain for as long as 14 days.

When should you not take atropine?

Atropine should be avoided with bradycardia caused by hypothermia and, in most cases, it will not be effective for Mobitz type II/Second-degree block type 2 or complete heart block.